Tutorial 2 - Pagination
Turning the Page! In tutorial 2, we'll control how many items Graph returns on each Page of results and retrieve specific Pages.
- You have completed the first Learning GraphQL tutorial.
- About GraphQL- optional- Read more about GraphQL and when it might be best used.
When GraphQL returns results, it will organise them into pages. This allows it to be more efficient, as it only returns the data that is needed straight away. At the same time, the rest of the pages are organised ready for the next request.
You'll always need to think about Pagination when using GraphQL, even you only want to retrieve the first Page of results.
per page is an argument used to define the number of results that will be returned on each page.
It's now a mandatory argument on some types of query so we've already got the argument in our query from the last tutorial:
Experiment by changing the integer in the argument from 20 to another value. Observe the difference. It's recommended to keep the per_page number as low as possible- for efficiency and performance.
Let's consider a few situations:
- You want to display 3 items - Set per_page to 3- only the three items you need will be retrieved.
- You want to display 20 items at a time, but allow the user to view the next 20 when they've finished reading - Set per_page to 20
- If you want the user to be able to change per_page dynamically, we'll cover this when we look at variables in a future tutorial.
Returning Pagination Metadata
You can return pagination metadata alongside your query results:
- current_page - Returns the number of the current page.
- per_page - Returns the number of items on every page.
- has_previous_page - A boolean which is true if there is a page before the current page.
- has_next_page - A boolean which is true if there is a page after the current page.
- total_pages - Returns an integer representing the total number of pages in these results.
These optional properties can be requested alongside total_entries and your results object, like in the example below. Try them out. Code:
- Properties like has_next_page and has_previous_page are most useful for adding pagination buttons of your own.
- You can see that by default, we get the first page of results- so page returns 1.
Changing the Page
You can view other pages by setting the page argument to the page of results you'd like to see. Code:
In the next Article, we'll look at how to filter results.
For example, we'll learn how to return items from only a specific WebApp.